Its main function is to carry food and liquid from your mouth into the stomach. At the top and bottom of the oesophagus are the upper and lower oesophageal sphincter muscles that stop food and liquid from refluxing up from the stomach into the oesophagus (thereby causing heartburn/indigestion) or into the throat. OESOPHAGEAL CANCER Oesophageal cancer (OC) is associated with a poor prognosis. Globally, OC remains a major cause of cancer mortality and disease burden. It is the 8th most common cancer and the 6th leading cause of cancer death worldwide. About half a million new oesophageal cancer cases occur annually and 75% of these are in Asia. OC accounts for an estimated one in every 20 cancer-related deaths (GLOBOCAN). Men are three times more likely to get OC than women, and OC tends to occur after the age of 50. According to the Singapore Cancer Registry, it is the 10th most frequent cause of cancer death in men in Singapore.
Urinary incontinence is any involuntary loss of urine. The risk of developing incontinence increases with age, but younger people may also have it. Women are more likely to suffer from incontinence than men. Urinary incontinence occurs in 14.5% of people in Asia. It has adverse social, occupational, domestic, physical, sexual and psychological effects on individuals. Although incontinence is a common condition, many people with this condition oftendelay consulting their doctors and go without treatment. This is because most of them perceive incontinence as part of ageing or they are unaware of available treatments. Some may feel embarrassed discussing their condition with other people. If you are suffering from incontinence and it is affecting your quality of life, please seek medical advice. In most cases, there will be various treatment options available, including pelvic floor exercises (also known as Kegel exercises), drug treatment or surgery. Your urologist will discuss with you on the best treatment option for you after consultation.
Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is the malignant over-proliferation of cells lining the stomach. Stomach cancer starts in the mucosa and spreads throughout the outer layers of the stomach as it grows. It is the 7th most common cancer among men and the 9th most common among women in Singapore. And it contributes to over 300 cancer-related deaths annually.
The liver is the largest solid organ in the body and is well known for its function of detoxification, metabolising toxic substances like alcohol and drugs. But this essential organ actually does much more than that. It is a powerhouse of over 500 vital functions, including bile production, regulation of blood clots, the processing of glucose, and storage of vitamins and minerals. Thus, care for our liver is crucial. While most people are familiar with commonly talked-about cancers (such as those of the lung and stomach), liver cancer is actually quite a common type of cancer as well. In Singapore, liver cancer is among the top five most frequently diagnosed cancers in Singapore. It has the third highest number of cancer deaths at 12.9%.
The word "Yoga" is derived from the Sanskrit word "Yuj", which means "to join" or "to unite". It is an ancient spiritual discipline that has been practiced for thousands of years. Yoga is both an art and science of healthy living; it focuses on bringing harmony between the mind, body and spirit; forging unity between Man and Nature. Catapulted to greater popularity and acceptance worldwide during the fitness and exercise boom of the 1970s, scientific research on the practice of yoga has provided evidence of its physical and mental benefits. Over the decades, its popularity has soared even further. Today, there are roughly 300 million people around the world who regularly practice this ancient discipline, including a sizeable number in Singapore. In this issue, we have the pleasure of speaking with Dr Aneez D.B Ahmed, Medical Director and Senior Consultant Thoracic Surgeon at International Centre for Thoracic Surgery. An experienced doctor in the field of thoracic surgery and an avid yoga practitioner, Dr Aneez talks to Prime about his perspectives on health and wellness issues, while also sharing about his passion for his chosen field and the ancient art of yoga.